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"Зовнішня торгівля: економіка, фінанси, право" з економічних та юридичних наук 

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UDC 342.728   DOI: https://doi.org/10.31617/zt.knute.2019(102)11
     
OSAULENKO Svitlana,
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ORCID: 0000-0003-0414-2877
  Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor at the Department
of Constitutional Law of National University «Odessa Law Academy»
2, Academichna str., Odessa, 65009, Ukraine
 

THE NOTION OF THE RIGHT TO UNITE IN POLITICAL PARTIES 

Background. The urgency of the research topic is that in the Ukrainian legal literature several approaches have been developed to provide the definition, when it comes about the study of individual subjective rights. It should be noted that the very concept of providing definitions for each concept is rather false, since it is unlikely that the legal acts should be converted into glossaries, and that it is necessary to deviate from the positivist views on the law in the objective sense. But in the case of subjective rights of the individual, every effort should be made to welcome all that simplifies the perception of the relevant legal norms, legal constructs by ordinary individuals who are the bearers of subjective rights, but are not legal professionals. In this regard, attention should be paid to defining the concept of «the right to freedom of association in political parties»in Ukraine. It is necessary to recognize the unjustified practice of studying one or another constitutional subjective right at the monographic level, on the basis of which there is no definition of this right.
Analysis of recent researches and publicationsThe definition of the concept of «the constitutional right of citizens to freedom of association in political parties»is providedfor the first time in Ukrainian legal science, because Ukrainian researchers did not pay attention to this issue (see, for example, a dissertation for the degree of the candidate of sciences by V. V. Chernichko on the topic «The constitutional right to unite in political parties in Ukraine and EU countries: comparative legal analysis», Uzhhorod, 2016). Surely, the researches of foreign scholars are not based on the legislation of Ukraine. When writing the article, the works of the authors, who studied other constitutional subjective rights and formulated their definitions, where used (for example, a dissertation for the degree of doctor of sciences by L. M. Deshko «Constitutional right to apply to the international judicial institutions and international organizations: comparative legal study», m. Kyiv, 2017, dissertation for the degree of candidate of sciences by K. M. Moskalchuk «Constitutional right of access of citizens of Ukraine to service in bodies of local self-government», Odessa, 2013, by V. S. Vitkova «Constitutional Right to Medical Aid and Assistance in Ukraine», Uzhhorod, 2017, by O. S. Yakushina «Constitutional Right to Education: Theory and Practice of Realization», Kharkiv, 2018, other studies).
The aim of the article is to propose a definition of the concept of «constitutional right to freedom of association in political parties» taking into account modern approaches applied in legal science in the formulation of definitions of specific subjective rights.
Materials and methodsThe author uses the works of the Ukrainian scientists that have researched the definitions of the human rights, mostly specialists in the constitutional law and in the theory of state and law. The main methods for the study are: systemic, that allows to see human rights as a system, and comparative, that allows to create the own definition based on the existing proposals.
ResultsAgreeing with the application of the integrative approach to the formulation of the definition of constitutional subjective law, it is necessary to analyze the content of this right, and only then to propose a definition.
In the case of the investigated right, it should be emphasized that its content is determined by the norms of the current legislation. The content of this right is, in accordance with the Law «On Political Parties in Ukraine»:
Øthe right to sign a decision on the creation of a political party (Article 10, fixed indirectly);
Øthe right to participate in the constituent congress (conference, meeting) of a political party, which approves the charter and program of a political party, elected its governing and control-audit bodies (Article 10, fixed indirectly);
Øthe right to enter a group of citizens of Ukraine consisting of not less than 100 persons, which creates a political party (Article 10, fixed indirectly).
ConclusionAccording to the results of the study, the definition of «the constitutional right of citizens to freedom of association in political parties» is formulated (this is a system of opportunities for citizens of Ukraine who have an active electoral right, to take necessary actions for the creation and to register this type of association). The definition is formulated taking into account,that the content of the constitutional right of citizens to freedom of association in political parties in Ukraine consists of: a) the right to sign a decision to establish a political party; b) the right to participate in the constituent congress (conference, meeting) of a political party, which approves the charter and program of a political party, elects its governing and control-audit bodies; c) the right to enter a group of citizens of Ukraine consisting of not less than 100 people, which creates a political party.

Keywordsthe right to freedom of association in political parties, freedom of association, freedom of association, the right to unite in political parties, political parties.

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