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UDC 343.137.5   DOI: https://doi.org/10.31617/zt.knute.2020(108)08
VESELOV Mykola,
 
E-mail: Ця електронна адреса захищена від спам-ботів. вам потрібно увімкнути JavaScript, щоб побачити її.
ORCID: 0000-0002-3963-2764
  Candidate of Juridical Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of Criminal Law Disciplines of Kryvyi Rih Faculty
of  the National University «Odessa Law Academy»
Myru avenue, 22, Kryvyi Rih, 50000, Ukraine

PROTECTING THE RIGHTS OF MINORS WHEN BRINGING
TO ADMINISTRATIVE RESPONSIBILITY
 

Background. The choice of the topic of the article is dictated by the existence of significant problems and the need to improve the mechanisms of applying administrative responsibility in the juvenile justice system for children on the basis of securing their rights.
Analysis of recent research and publications. Over the last five years, this topic has become the subject of research by O. V. Alekseieva, O. V. Gorbach, Ye. Yu. Kolosovsky,O. O. Kukshynova, M. M. Stefanchuk, O. G. Strelchenko, B. P. Urbansky and more. This article explores those problematic issues that still do not have a proper solution.
The aim of the article is to improve the procedure of bringing juveniles to administrative responsibility in the part of the regulatory definition of the circumstances to be taken into account when imposing administrative penalties or taking measures of influence on children, as well as exempting them from payment of court fees in such types of proceedings.
Materials and methods. The empirical basis of the research was the acts of Ukrainian law, data of analytical and statistical records, case law and scientific works of other scientists. Due to the combination of general scientific and special methods of cognition, it was possible to work out the empirical material and obtain our own scientific conclusions, which correlate with the purpose and tasks of the article.
Results. Attention is drawn to the lack of a clear definition in the legislation and, in the case law there was no unified approach to the circumstances that the court should take into account when imposing or applying measures of influence for administrative offenses against minors. The second controversial issue, analyzed in the article, is the collection of juvenile court fees, which in some similar situations puts them at a disadvantage compared to adult offenders.
Conclusion. According to the results of the study, it is proposed to supplement the Code of Administrative Offenses with a new Article 35-1 «Circumstances taken into account when imposing or applying measures of influence for administrative offenses against minors», as well as to amend the said Code and the Law of Ukraine «On Court Fees» on the release of children from the payment of court fees in all court cases.
 
Keywords: administrative responsibility, child rights protection, measures of influence, minor, legal fees, juvenile justice.
 

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