Проводимо набір статей до публікації у науковому фаховому журналі
"Зовнішня торгівля: економіка, фінанси, право" з економічних та юридичних наук 

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UDC 339.564:633.1(477)   DOI: https://doi.org/10.31617/zt.knute.2020(111)06
     
BUDZIAK Vasyl
 
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ORCID: 0000-0002-2142-1416
  Doctor of Economics, Professor, Professor at the Department of International Management, Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
19, Kyoto str., Kyiv, 02156, Ukraine
     
BUDZIAK Olha
 
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ORCID: 0000‐0003‐3690‐1735
  Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of the Department of Ecology and Economics of Land Use of the State Academy of Postgraduate Education and Management
35, V. Lypkivsky str., Kyiv, 02000, Ukraine
 
 

GRAIN EXPORTS OF UKRAINE

 
Background. Today, the agro-industrial complex plays an important role in the development of the entire economy of the country. At the same time, agriculture, as a component of this complex, is intended, chiefly, to ensure food security in the country. Agricultural production allows to fill the state budget with foreign currency in the context of fast growing demand for foodstuffs. Therefore, it is important to promote a sound export policy. Exports and imports of crops must be balanced.
An analysis of last researches and publications. Today, the works of most agricultural economists are devoted to the study of the common problems of development of the agro-industrial complex. Some scientists analyze and evaluate the export potential of our country in the markets of the European Union. Other scholars identify current trends in changing supply and demand for certain types of agricultural products. There are very few works assessing agricultural exports and imports as a coherent system of agro-industrial policy.
The aim of the article is to identify and analyze the main factors that affect the export of cereals and legumes, as well as to justify the most favorable ways to increase its volume from Ukraine in modern conditions.
Materials and methods. Graphic, tabular, economic, statistical methods and the method of comparison were used during the research.
Results. The analysis shows that the countries of the European Union are currently the most desirable trading partners for domestic agricultural producers. However, EU quotas remain the main obstacle to a significant increase in agricultural exports to Europe. These quotas are particularly low for meat and dairy products. One promising way out of the current situation is to develop agricultural markets in other countries. The current geographical structure of cereal exports from Ukraine indicates a significant export potential in Africa, Asia and Latin America. At the same time, it is advisable to increase the volume of exports of livestock products, in particular, by regulating the export and import of cereals.
Conclusion. Based on the research, it is necessary to optimize the export and import of not only cereals, but also other crops. At the same time, an increase in cereal exports should not be detrimental to the development of the livestock and food industry, which generates a higher level of value added than the crop industry. The geographical structure of grain exports should diversify, first of all, through the development of non-European markets. Countries with the smallest areas of agricultural land and, in particular, arable land per capita, are the most promising for a significant increase in cereal exports.
 
Keywords: exports, imports, cereals, agricultural land, arable land.

 

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