Проводимо набір статей до публікації у науковому фаховому журналі
"Зовнішня торгівля: економіка, фінанси, право" з економічних та юридичних наук 

   FREE FULL TEXT (PDF)

UDC 346.7   DOI: https://doi.org/10.31617/zt.knute.2020(112)01
     
KOZHEVNYKOVA Victoriya
 
E-mail: Ця електронна адреса захищена від спам-ботів. вам потрібно увімкнути JavaScript, щоб побачити її.
ORCID: 0000-0002-0410-6756
  Doctor of Law, Professor at the Department of International, Civil and Commercial Law Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
19, Kyoto str., Kyiv, 02156, Ukraine

 
KABENOK Yuliya
 
E-mail: Ця електронна адреса захищена від спам-ботів. вам потрібно увімкнути JavaScript, щоб побачити її.
ORCID: 0000-0001-9342-3835
  Ph.D. in Law, Associate Professor at the Department of International, Civil and Commercial Law, Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
19, Kyoto str., Kyiv, 02156, Ukraine

 
 

ABUSE OF SUBJECTIVE FAMILY LAW 

Background. Problems of abuse of subjective civil law have aroused special interest among researchers of civil science. At the same time, scholars have ignored the problem of abuse of subjective family law, the specifics and features that are inherent in family law science given the unique legal nature of the industry.
Analysis of recent research and publications has shown that despite the existence of some scientific works in civil doctrine, the chosen topic remains unresolved, an important scientific problem on the essence of understanding the legal category of abuse of family law and related features of subjective rights.
The purpose of the study is to substantiate scientific and theoretical approaches to the category of «abuse of rights», which are related to the laws of legal regulation of abuse of subjective personal non-property and property rights of family members and determine the legal understanding of abuse of family law.
Materials and methods. To achieve this goal and fulfill the tasks, in the process of scientific research a set of methods of scientific knowledge is used. The methodological basis of scientific work were general philosophical approaches, as well as general scientific and special scientific methods, which provided the opportunity to establish the essence and legal understanding of the concept of abuse of family law.
Results. The legal literature in general covers different approaches to the legal understanding of the abuse of subjective law in general. The analysis of the problem of abuse of law is closely related to the need to clarify the very concept of «subjective law», which in particular means the implementation of actions by an authorized person contrary to the purpose of subjective law with the characterization of the law as unfair and harmful to public interests and / or personal interests of third parties or creates a real threat of its infliction in the formal legality of actions.
It is established that abuse of family rights can be divided into such types as: 1) legalized abuse of subjective family law, which occurs when it clearly does not go beyond the established by the IC of Ukraine subjective right, in essence can be legitimate given the special nature and specifics of family relationships; 2) non-legalized abuse of subjective family law (inadmissible), which clearly goes beyond the scope of subjective law established by the IC of Ukraine, is illegal, i.e. violates the moral principles of society, contradicts the purpose of the right (abuse of parental rights – causing physical , mental, moral harm to the child).
Conclusion. Thus, in contrast to existing publications in civil law doctrine, the author's position is formulated that the abuse of subjective family law means the use of law in violation of its limits, which is manifested in unfair commission of family law legal actions that constitute a clearly defined content of subjective family law, in particular contrary to the purpose and moral principles of society.
 
Keywords: subjective law, exercise of law, family relations, jurisdiction, parental rights, child, abuse.

  REFERENCES 

  1. Kot, O. O. (2013). Problemy zlovzhyvannja sub’jektyvnym pravom u cyvil'nomu pravi Ukrai'ny [Problems of abuse of subjective law in civil law of Ukraine]. Visnyk Nacional'noi' akademii' pravovyh nauk Ukrai'ny – Bulletin of the National Academy of Legal Sciences of Ukraine, 4 (75), 133-141 [in Ukrainian].
  2. Dal' V. (1903). Tolkovyj slovar' zhivogo velikorusskogo jazyka. [Explanatory dictionary of the living Great Russian language]. St. Petersburg: Edition of suppliers of the court of His Imperial Majesty's Society MO Wolf, (Vol. 1: AZ) [in Russian].
  3. Busel, V. T. (2005). Velykyj tlumachnyj slovnyk suchasnoi' ukrai'ns'koi' movy [Large explanatory dictionary of the modern Ukrainian language]. Irpen: Perun [in Ukrainian].
  4. Ellinek, G. (1905). Deklaracija prav cheloveka i grazhdanina [Declaration of Human and Civil Rights]. Moscow: ID Sytin Society Printing House[in Russian].
  5. Volkov, A. V. (2009). Zloupotreblenie grazhdanskimi pravami [Abuse of civil rights]. Problemy teorii i praktiki Problems of theory and practice. Moscow: Walters Clover[in Russian].
  6. Konstytucija Ukrai'ny vid 28.06.1996 r. [The Constitution of Ukraine of June 28, 1996 № 254k / 96-VR] (1996). Vidomosti Verhovnoi' Rady Ukrai'ny Bulletin of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine,30. Art. 141 [inUkrainian].
  7. Kozhevnykova, V. O. (2015). Mezhi zdijsnennja prav sub’jektiv simejnyh vidnosyn [Limits of exercising the rights of subjects of family relations] Pryvatne pravo i pidpryjemnyctvo: zbirnyk naukovyh prac' Private Law and Entrepreneurship. Naukovo-doslidnyj instytut pryvatnogo prava i pidpryjemnyctva imeni akademika F. G. Burchaka Nacional'noi' akademii' pravovyh nauk Ukrai'ny Research Institute of named after Academician FG Burchak of the National Academy of Legal Sciences of Ukraine. Kyiv, (Is. 15), (pp. 48-53) [in Ukrainian].
  8. Pashutina, V. Ju. (2014). Zlovzhyvannja korporatyvnymy pravamy: cyvil'no-pravovyj aspekt: dysertacija [Abuse of corporate rights: civil law aspect: dissertation]. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
  9. Pro vidmovu u vidkrytti konstytucijnogo provadzhennja u spravi za konstytucijnym podannjam 47 narodnyh deputativ Ukrai'ny shhodo oficijnogo tlumachennja polozhen' chastyn drugoi', tret'oi', shostoi' statti 13 Cyvil'nogo kodeksu Ukrai'ny: Uhvala Konstytucijnogo Sudu Ukrai'ny vid 24.01.2007 r. № 7-u/2007 [On refusal to initiate constitutional proceedings in the case on the constitutional petition of 47 people's deputies of Ukraine regarding the official interpretation of the provisions of parts two, three, six of Article 13 of the Civil Code of Ukraine: Ruling of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine of 24.01.2007]. Oficijnyj veb-portal Verhovnoi' Rady Ukrai'ny – Official web portal of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved from http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/v007u710-07 [in Ukrainian].
  10. Kot, O. O. (2017). Zdijsnennja ta zahyst sub’jektyvnyh cyvil'nyh prav: problemy teorii' ta sudovoi' praktyky [Implementation and protection of subjective civil rights: problems of theory and practice]. Kyi'v: Alerta [in Ukrainian].
  11. Caturova, M. K. (2012). Tri veka russkogo razvoda (XVI–XVIII veka) [Three centuries of Russian divorce (XVI-XVIII centuries)]. Moscow: Logos [inRussian].
  12. Myronenko, V. P. (2000). Vidpovidal'nist' bat'kiv za nenalezhne vyhovannja ditej za simejnym ta cyvil'nym zakonodavstvom Ukrai'ny: dys. kand. juryd. nauk [Responsibility of parents for improper upbringing of children under family and civil legislation of Ukraine: candidate’s thesis]Kyi’v[in Ukrainian].
  13. Malein, N. G. (1981). Grazhdanskij zakon i prava lichnosti v SSSR [Civil law and individual rights in the USSR]. Juridicheskaja literaturaLegal Literature.Moscow [inRussian].
  14. Glibko, S. V. (2010). Zlovzhyvannja pravom pry zdijsnenni bankivs'koi' dijal'nosti [Abuse of law in the implementation of banking activities]. Visnyk Harkivs'kogo nacional'nogo universytetu imeni V. N. Karazina. Pravo. Special'nyj vypusk – Bulletin of Kharkiv National University named after VN Karazin. Law. Special issue, 929[in Ukrainian].
  15. Luc', V. V. (2009). Dejaki aspekty pryvatnogo reguljuvannja dogovirnyh vidnosyn u gospodars'kij dijal'nosti [Some aspects of private regulation of contractual relations in economic activity]. Rozrobka mehanizmu pravovogo reguljuvannja dogovirnyh vidnosyn u pidpryjemnyc'kij dijal'nosti – Development of the mechanism of legal regulation of contractual relations in business. Kyi'v: NDI pryvatnogo prava i pidpryjemnyctva APrN Ukrai'ny (pp. 40-45) [in Ukrainian].
  16. Skakun, O. F. (2006). Teorija derzhavy i prava [Theory of State and Law]. Pidruchnyk (per. z ros.). – Textbook (lane. from the Russian). Kharkiv: Consum [in Ukrainian].
  17. Hmil', M. M. Pryncyp neprypustymosti zlovzhyvannja pravom (teoretyko-pravovi aspekty): dys. kand. juryd. nauk: spec. 12.00.01 [The principle of inadmissibility of abuse of law (theoretical and legal asp] [in Ukrainian].
  18. Poljans'kyj, T. T. (2011). Zlovzhyvannja pravom: zagal'no-teoretychna harakte­rystyka: dys. kand. juryd. nauk: 12.00.01 [ Abuse of law: general theoretical characteristics: dis. of Cand. of jurid. Sciences: 12.00.01.]. L'viv [in Ukrainian].
  19. Rjeznikova, V. V. (2013). Zlovzhyvannja pravom: ponjattja ta oznaky // [Abuse of law: concepts and signs] Universytets'ki naukovi zapysky – University scientific notes,1 (45)[in Ukrainian].
  20. Ser'ogin, S. Ju. (2015). Zlovzhyvannja pravom u sferi korporatyvnyh vidnosyn (porivnjal'no-pravovyj aspekt): dys. kand. juryd. nauk. [Abuse of law in the field of corporate relations (comparative legal aspect): dis. of Cand. of jurid. Sciences]. Kyi'vs'kyj nacional'nyj universytet imeni Tarasa Shevchenka. Kyi'v [in Ukrainian].