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"Зовнішня торгівля: економіка, фінанси, право" з економічних та юридичних наук 

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UDC 342.7   DOI: https://doi.org/10.31617/zt.knute.2020(112)02
     
SELEZNOVA Olha

 
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ORCID: 0000-0001-5095-277X
  Doctor of law, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Social and Humanitarian Sciences and Law of Chernivtsi Institute of Trade and Economics Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
7, Tsentralna Square, Chernivtsi, 58002, Ukraine

 
 
 

CATEGORIES OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS IN DOCTRINE AND LEGISLATION 

Background. Studies of the internal nature of the categories of «human rights» and «human freedoms» in the context of information law are especially relevant, as information rights and human freedoms are currently being formed. Such research is timely for doctrinal and applied applications.
Analysis of recent research and publications. Although the nature of the categories of «human rights» and «human freedoms» has been clarified in the works of scholars, there is no clear position in jurisprudence on the internal nature of these categories.
The aim of the article is to study the internal nature of the categories of «human rights» and «human freedom», to distinguish between interpretations of such nature by doctrine and the legislator, to identify the impact on understanding the ontology of information rights and human freedoms.
Materials and methods. The theoretical basis of the article are scientific works of scientists, normative – the Constitution of Ukraine and a number of laws of Ukraine, methodological – general scientific and special legal methods of cognition.
Results. Positions are analyzed: a) complete denial of the existence of differences between the categories of «human rights» and «human freedom» (identification); b) differentiation of these categories by different criteria.
Conclusion. The categories of «human rights» and «human freedoms» are different in their internal nature (human rights – proclaimed and limited by the state, have a mechanism for implementation, and human freedoms – are absolute and implemented under favorable social circumstances).
The position of the legislator is the indivisibility of the categories of «human rights» and «human freedom». The term «human freedom» is used mainly in cases related to creativity, intellectual development, self-awareness and worldview.
Common to all human rights and freedoms, the principle of understanding their internal nature by the legislator explains how the following categories are used in consolidating information rights and human freedoms: there is an analogy.
 
Keywords: human rights, human freedoms, information rights and freedoms, information legislation, information freedom.

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