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Neskorodzhena L., Lytvyn Yu. Informacijno-pravovi vidnosyny v merezhi Internet. Zovnishnja torgivlja: ekonomika, finansy, pravo. 2021. № 1. S. 43-53. Serija. Jurydychni nauky.


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UDC 34:004   DOI: https://doi.org/10.31617/zt.knute.2021(114)05
     
NESKORODZHENA Larysa

 
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ORCID: 0000-0002-1484-3557
  Candidate of Juridical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of International, Civil and Commercial Law, Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
19, Kyoto str., Kyiv, 02156, Ukraine

LYTVYN Yulia
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ORCID: 0000-0002-2667-1318

 
applicant for higher education, Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
19, Kyoto str., Kyiv, 02156, Ukraine

INFORMATION AND LEGAL RELATIONS ON THE INTERNET

Background. The course of digitalization necessitates effective legal regulation of this process. It is worth noting a significant number of challenges that arise in the development of information relations, which necessarily require proportionate control by the government. At the same time, it is extremely important to ensure the rule of law, create an effective mechanism for the protection of rights and ensure a balance of public and private rights.
An analysis of recent research and publications showed that despite the large number of scientific sources that study the information society and Internet relations, this topic has not yet been fully explored.
The aim of the article is the information society and Internet relations.
Materials and methods. In the course of the research general and special methods of cognition of legal phenomena and processes were used: dialectical, system approach, formal-logical, generalizing, comparative jurisprudence. The information base of the article is the information legislation of Ukraine, the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights, the works of domestic scientists.
Results. To address issues of legal regulation, information relationships related to the use of the Internet are necessary, firstly, to consider the content and features of regulation of the information society in general, and, secondly, to pay attention to the peculiarities of regulating relations, related to the network Internet. It should be noted that it is implied that the legal relations that arise in this area are governed by the rules of both public and private law, i.e. the rules of various branches of law. In Ukraine, there is no single normative document that would regulate the issues of information society and information relations.
Conclusion. It is worth noting the obvious need to improve the legal regulation of information relations that are formed in the process of using the Internet. In addition to the problems and challenges described above, this is also due to the globalization of information technology, significant socio-economic changes in society, digitalization of public authorities and local governments, the rapid development of international economic relations using global computer networks and more. Currently in Ukraine there is virtually no effective, legally established legal mechanism for information security in the network, which increases the gap between our country and most developed countries in the level of implementation of information and communication technologies.

Keywords: 
Internet, information relations, information society, communication technologies, state information policy, legal regulation.

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