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"Зовнішня торгівля: економіка, фінанси, право" з економічних та юридичних наук 

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Nikitenko V. Jevropejs'ki standarty zabezpechennja prav sub’jektiv kryminal'nyh pravoporushen'. Zovnishnja torgivlja: ekonomika, finansy, pravo. 2021. № 1. S. 90-100. Serija. Jurydychni nauky.

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UDC 343.121.4:343.22   DOI: https://doi.org/10.31617/zt.knute.2021(114)10
     
NIKITENKO Victor
 
E-mail: Ця електронна адреса захищена від спам-ботів. вам потрібно увімкнути JavaScript, щоб побачити її.
ORCID: 0000-0002-1785-1819
  Candidate of Juridical Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of Legal Support of Business Activity, Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
19, Kyoto str., Kyiv, 02156, Ukraine
 
EUROPEAN STANDARDS FOR ENSURING
THE RIGHTS OF SUBJECTS OF CRIMINAL OFFENSES

Background. The topical issue is to ensure and protect the rights of subjects of criminal offenses in accordance with the provisions of international legal acts (treaties), which must be implemented in domestic criminal law and implemented with the help of relevant institutions.
The aim of the article is to determine the European standards of ensuring and respecting human rights and fundamental freedoms of the subject of a criminal offense and their enshrinement in the legislation of Ukraine.
Materials and methods. Current international legal acts, legislation of Ukraine, criminological conceptual apparatus. The methodological basis is a number of general scientific, special criminal law and criminological methods.
Results. A person who is prosecuted has human rights and fundamental freedoms defined by international legal acts (treaties), except as provided by law. Ensuring such rights and freedoms is based on a number of European conventions and declarations, which are embodied in domestic criminal law and reflected in the theory of criminal law as principles of criminal law and sentencing. First of all, European legal standards are implemented in the form of principles of sentencing, which guarantee the observance of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of the subjects of criminal offenses.
Conclusion. The domestic legislator should determine the set of the most important principles of sentencing in accordance with international legal acts and enshrine them in the Criminal Code of Ukraine, including the principle of humanism.


Keywords: European standards, human rights and fundamental freedoms, the rule of law, subject of a criminal offense, principles of sentencing.

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