Проводимо набір статей до публікації у науковому фаховому журналі
"Зовнішня торгівля: економіка, фінанси, право" з економічних та юридичних наук 

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31617/zt.knute.2018(100)04

UDC 338.48-44

BOІKO  Margaryta
Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Head of the Hotel 
and Restaurant business Department of the Kiev National University of Trade and Economics

VEDMID  Nadiya,
Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Dean of Faculty of Restaurant,
Hotel and Tourism Business of the Kiev National University of Trade and Economics
Ph.D., Associate Professorof the Hotel and Restaurant businessDepartment
of Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics 


Background. The vector of the development of the national tourism system (NTS) in the national and global socio-economic space requires an understanding of the logic of transit processes, characteristic for the current economic situation. Today, the markers for the development of NTS is the unprecedented growth of information flows, the genesis of new risks and «challenges», which predetermines the study of the essence and features of its transformations.
The analysis of recent researches and publications gives grounds to state that research on the transitivity of NTS is relevant, since it provides an opportunity to investigate the state and peculiarities of the development of the ambitious nature of NTS with the discovery of contradictions, risks and effective alternatives to its development.
The aim of the article is to study the manifestations of transitivity of NTS as a latent process for determining the vector of its development in global coordinates.
Materials and methods. The scientific works of domestic and foreign scientists on the problems of transformational processes and transitivity, as well as materials of the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) are theoretical and methodological basis of the article. In the course of the research a set of scientific methods and approaches was used: systemic, structural-functional, analysis and synthesis, comparisons.
Results. The essence and manifestations of transitivity of the national tourism system were investigated. The definition of transitivity of NTS is given. It is its property as a dynamic system to be in a state of constant motion under the influence of exogenous factors, which directs its movement towards an innovative model of development as the basis of ensuring competitiveness on the local and global tourist markets. Taking into account the global and local factors influencing the development of NTS, the time and structural parameters of the transitory nature of the NTS are presented. The study of the preconditions of origin and the processes of formation and development of NTS made it possible to propose a mechanism for its transitivity. It is revealed that the necessity of increasing competitiveness and adaptation of NTS to international socioeconomic processes determines its orientation and taking into account the principles of transitivity.
Conclusion. The national tourism system of Ukraine functions and develops under the constant influence of the transformational driving forces of different nature, power, and consequences. These forces fundamentally change the scale, components and relations between external and internal factors of the development of the national tourism system, under the influence of which a new type of socio-economic relations is formed – the transitivity, which is based on contradictions, which lead to changes in the qualities of various spheres of society, including the tourism.
The need for the growth of competitiveness and adaptation of NTS to international socio-economic processes predetermines its orientation to the principles of transitivity, that is, taking into account not only national but also supranational aspects of development in order to ensure its stability and efficiency, since the NTS, having the properties of transitivity, will be able to successfully operate in rapidly changing external and internal environments.
Keywords: tourism, national tourism system, transformation, transitivity. 

1. Podp’jatnikova, A. (2017). Vplyv tranzytyvnogo prostoru derzhavy na rozvytok suspil’stva: derzhavno-upravlins’kyj aspekt [Influence of the Transitional Space of the State on the Development of Society: Public-Management Aspect]. Derzhavne upravlinnja ta misceve samovrjaduvannja – Public administration and local self-government, 1 (32), 49-53 [in Ukrainian].
2. Abakumova, V. I. (2015). Metodologija doslidzhennja minlyvyh periodiv istorii’ [Methodology of the study of changing periods of history]. Istorychni studii’ suspil’nogoprogresu – Historical studios of social progress, 2. 27-31 [in Ukrainian].
3. Matvjejeva, L. G. (2015). Tranzytyvne suspil’stvo ta tranzytyvna derzhava jak kate­gorii’ suchasnogo suspil’stvoznavstva [Transitive society and a transitive state as the categories of modern social science]. Pivdennoukrai’ns’kyj pravnychyj chasopys South Ukrainian legal magazine, 2. 6-9 [in Ukrainian].
4. Bilorus, O. G. (2017). Istorychni ta strategichni imperatyvy transformacii’ ta modernizacii’tranzytyvnyh krai’n v umovah globalizacii’. Istorychni ta strategichni imperatyvy modernizacii’ providnyh i tranzytyvnyh krai’n svitu [Historical and strategic imperatives of transformation and modernization of transitive countries in the conditions of globalization. Historical and strategic imperatives of modernization of the leading and transitive countries of the world]. O. V. Zernec’ka (Eds.). zb. nauk. prac’ – collection of scientific works. (рр. 5-12). Kyi’v : DU "In-t vsesvitn’oi’ istorii’ NAN Ukrai’ny" [in Ukrainian].
5. Cybul’s’ka, E. I. (2015). Vzajemodija instytucijnyh mehanizmiv reguljuvannja ekono­michnyh praktyk u tranzytyvnomu periodi [Interaction of institutional mechanisms of economic practices regulation in the transitive period].Vcheni zap. Harkiv. gumanitar.un-tu "Nar. ukr. akad." (Vols. 21), (рр. 324-332). Harkiv [in Ukrainian].
6. Bondarec’, M. V. (2013). Imperatyvy globalizacii’ stalogo rozvytku tranzytyvnyh krai’n u kryzovyh umovah [Imperatives of globalization of sustainable development of transitive countries in crisis conditions] Strategija rozvytku Ukrai’ny. Ekonomika, sociologija, pravo Strategy of Ukraine’s development. Economics, sociology, law2. Retrieved from http://jrnl.nau.edu.ua/index.php/SR/article/view/6255 [in Ukrainian].
7. Mazaraki, A., Boiko, M., Bosovska, M., Vedmid, N., Okhrimenko, A. (2018). Formationof National Tourism System of Ukraine. Problems and Perspectives in Management,16 (1),68-84. [in English]. https://doi.org/10.21511/ppm.16(1).2018.07
8. Mazaraki, A. A. (Eds.). (2008). Ekonomichni priorytety nacional’nogo rozvytku v kontekstiglobalizacijnyh vyklykiv[Economic priorities of national development in the context of globalization challenges] (Ch. 2). Kyi’v : Kyi’v. nac. torg.-ekon. un-t [in Ukrainian].
9. Tkachenko, T. I., Mel’nychenko, S. V., Bojko, M. G. ta in. (2010). Strategichnyj rozvytokturystychnogo biznesu[Strategic development of tourism business] A. A. Mazaraki (Eds.).Kyi’v : Kyi’v. nac. torg.-ekon. un-t [in Ukrainian].
10. Tkachenko, T. I. (2009). Stalyj rozvytok turyzmu: teorija, metodologija, realii’ biznesu[Sustainable Tourism Development: Theory, Methodology, Business Realities]. (2nd ed.). Kyi’v : Kyi’v. nac. torg.-ekon. un-t [in Ukrainian].
11. Tkachenko, T. I. (2015). Ukrai’ns’kyj turyzm v umovah turbulentnosti [Ukrainian tourism in the conditions of turbulence]. Karpats’kyj kraj Carpathian land, 1-2 (6-7). 305-313 [in Ukrainian].
12. Myhajlichenko, G. I. (2012). Innovacijnyj rozvytok turyzmu [Innovative development of tourism]. Kyi’v : Kyi’v. nac. torg.-ekon. un-t [in Ukrainian].
13. Dubovskaja, E. M. (2002). Socializacija v izmenjajushhemsja mire [Socializacija v izmenjajushhemsja mire]: v kn.: G. M. Andreeva, A. I. Doncova (Eds.). (pp. 148-162)Moscow : Aspekt Press [in Russian].
14. Dubovskaja, E. M. (2014). Tranzitivnost’ obshhestva kak faktor socializacii lichnosti. Psihologicheskie issledovanija [Transitivity of society as a factor of socialization of theindividual. Psychological research], 7 (36). Retrieved from http://psystudy.ru [in Russian].
15. Agranovich, V. B. (2007). Innovacii v tranzitivnom obshhestve: social’no- filosofskij analiz [Innovations in a transitive society: socio-philosophical analysis]: Eхtended abstract of candidate’s thesis [in Russian].
16. Marcinkovskaja, T. D. (2012). Fenomenologija i mehanizmy razvitija: istoriko-geneticheskij podhod. Psihologicheskie issledovanija [Fenomenologija i mehanizmy razvitija: istoriko-geneticheskij podhod. Psihologicheskie issledovanija],5 (24). Retrieved from http://psystudy.ru [in Russian].
17. Block, W. E. and Barnett, II W. (2015). Rejoinder to Hudik on transitivity, MEST Journal, Vol. 3. № 1, P. 81-86. [in English]. https://doi.org/10.12709/mest.
18. Hudík, M. (2012). Transitivity: A Comment on Block and Barnett, Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, 15 (4). P. 456-462. Retrieved from https://kie.vse.cz/wp-content/uploads/Transitivity.pdf[in English].
19. Cherchye, L. and Demuynck, Thomas and de Rock, Bram. Transitivity of Preferences:When Does it Matter? (November 2015). [in English]. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2694952
20. Amosova, N. A. (2005). Vlijanie tranzitivnosti nacional’noj jekonomicheskoj sistemy na bankovskuju dejatel’nost’ v jepohu globalizacii [Influence oftransitivityofthenationaleconomicsystemonbankingactivitiesintheageofglobalization]. Retrieved from http://bankir.ru/publikacii/20050902/vliyanie-tranzitivnosti-nacionalnoi-ekonomicheskoi-sistemi-na-bankovskyu-deyatelnost-v-epohy-globalizacii-1378377/#_ftn [in Russian].
21. Pantin, V. I., Lapkin, V. V. (2006). Filosofija istoricheskogo prognozirovanija: ritmy istorii i perspektivy mirovogo razvitija[The philosophy of historical forecasting: rhythms of history and perspectives of world development][inRussian].
22. Gajdaj, Ju. V. (2006). Evoljucijaekonomichnoi’ globalizacii’ tai’i’ rushijnisyly. Ekonomika: problemy teorii’ ta praktyky [The evolution of economic globalization and its driving forces. Economics: problems of theory and practice]. zb. nauk. prac’ – collection of scientific works, 217. (Vol. ІV). Dnipropetrovs’k : DNU [in Ukrainian].
23. World travel & tourism council (2017), Travel & Tourism economic impact Ukraine 2017. Retrieved from https://www.wttc.org/-/media/files/reports/economic-impact-research/countries-2017/ukraine2017.pdf [in English].
24. World Economic Forum (2008). The Travel & Tourism. Competitiveness Report 2008.Balancing Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi= [in English].
25. World Economic Forum (2009). The Travel & Tourism. Competitiveness Report 2009.Managing in a Time of Turbulence. Retrieved from http://www.ontit.it/opencms/export/sites/default/ont/it/documenti/files/ONT_2009-03-04_02101.pdf [in English].
26. World Economic Forum (2011). The Travel & Tourism. Competitiveness Report 2011.Beyond Downturn. Retrieved from http://www3.weforum.org/docs/TTCR11 [in English].
27. World Economic Forum (2013). The Travel & Tourism. Competitiveness Report 2013. Reducing Barriers to Economic Growth and Job Creation. Retrieved from http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_TT_Competitiveness_Report_2013.pdf [in English].
28. World Economic Forum (2015). The Travel & Tourism. Competitiveness Report 2015. Growth through Shocks. Retrieved from http://www3.weforum.org/docs/TT15/WEF_Global_Travel&Tourism_Report_2015.pdf [in English].
29. World Economic Forum (2017). The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2017. Paving the way for a more sustainable and inclusive future. Retrieved from http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_TTCR_2017_web_0401.pdf [in English].
30. Mazaraki, A. A., Bojko, M. G., Ohrimenko, A. G. (2018). Forsajt rozvytku nacional’noi’turystychnoi’ systemy [Foresight development of the national tourism system]. Visn. Kyi’v. nac. torg.-ekon. un-tu – Herald. Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics, 3, 5-22 [in Ukrainian].
31. Sutton, P. House, J. (2000). The New Age of Tourism: Postmodern Tourism for Post­modern People? 2000. Retrieved from http://www.arasite.org/pspage2.htm [in English].
32. Raj, A. (2007). The New Age of Tourism – And the New Tourist // Institute of Tourism and Hotel Management, Bundelkhand University. Retrieved from http://www.indianmba.com/Faculty_Column/FC565/fc565.html [in English].
33. Gisolf, M.C. (2013). A New Age in Tourism // A case study of New Age centres in Costa Rica, Health, Tourism and Hospitality: Wellness, Spas and Medical Travel, 2nd Ed., Smith, M. & Puckzo, L. eds., Routledge, Oxon, UK [in English].
34. Klein, L. R. (2001). "What do Economists Know about Transition to a Market System?"in Lawrence R. Klein and Marshall Pomer (eds), The New Russia: Transition gone awry, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press [in English].
35. Parsons, T. (1971). The system of modern societies, Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall (Foundations of Modern Sociology Series) [in English].